July 1-3, 1863, the Battle of Gettysburg was one of the most crucial battles of the Civil War having occurred at a time when the fate of the nation literally hung in the balance.
The battle is often referred to as the High Water Mark of the Rebellion. It was an ambitious invasion of the North by General Robert E. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia. The Union, and its Army of the Potomac, met the Confederate invasion at Gettysburg. Under the command of Major General George Gordon Meade, the Union army fought and despite initial Confederate success, the battle turned against Lee on July 3rd and he ordered his army back to Virginia. The Union victory at the Battle of Gettysburg resulted not only in Lee's retreat to Virginia but an end to the hopes of the Confederacy for independence.
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